G.C. Berkouwer (1903-1996): The confession of Providence as sustenance dethrones all creaturely self-sufficiency


“The confession [of Providence – Heidelberg Catechism Lord’s Day 10] sees all things as being indebted for their existence to the preserving act of God; let God cease to act and the universe would cease to exist. With this concept of sustenance the confession at once opposes every claimant to absoluteness in this world – gods and idols, and any who would autonomously and sovereignly pretend to a self-sufficient existence. There is no self-containment in this world, no nature or substance which can exist apart from God through inherent power of being. The confession of Providence as sustenance dethrones all creaturely self-sufficiency, all assumptive independence.”

– G.C. Berkouwer (1903-1996), Studies in Dogmatics: The Providence of God, p. 50-51

G.C. Berkouwer (1903-1996) on justification as the driving force behind sanctification


In these excerpts from G.C. Berkouwer’s (1903-1996) book Faith and Sanctification in his series called Studies in Dogmatics, he points out that justification is the driving force behind our sanctification:

“Holiness is never a ‘second blessing’ placed next to the blessing of justification. . . . Our completion is only realized in Christ (Col. 2:10) ‘for by one offering he hath perfected forever them that are sanctified’ (Heb 10:14). The exhortation which comes to the Church is that it must live in faith out of this fullness; not that it must work for a second blessing, but that it must feed on the first blessing, the forgiveness of sins. The warfare of the Church, according to Scriptural testimony, springs from the demand really to live from this first testimony.” (p. 64)

“The Reformed Confessions never teach that believers, having gone through the gate of justification, now enter upon a new territory where they must, without outside help, take their sanctification in hand. It is not true that sanctification simply succeeds justification. . . . there is never a stretch along the way of salvation where justification drops out of sight. Genuine sanctification–let it be repeated–stands or falls with this continued orientation toward justification and the remission of sins.” (p. 77-78)

“The believer’s constant ‘commerce’ with the forgiveness of sins and his continued dependence on it must–both in pastoral counseling and in dogmatic analysis–be laid bare, emphasized, and kept in sight.” (p. 84)

“The heart of sanctification is the life which feeds on . . . justification.” (p. 93)

“Any view of regeneration, faith, and sanctification, must be weighed and tested by the criterion of whether it does justice to the forgiveness of sins as the only ground and source of sanctification.” (p. 96)

“In the bond between faith and sanctification we perceive, no less than in the bond between faith and justification, the pulsebeat of the Gospel. If faith will but lift its blossoms to catch the sunlight of God’s grace, the fruit will be a life imbued with holiness.” (p. 193)