Helmut Thielicke (1908-1986): The jargon of the faith needs to be explained


Helmut Thielicke (1908-1986) offers a wise caution for all preachers, teachers and writers when using the vocabulary and jargon of the faith. Often we assume that our audience knows the meaning or significance of terms like sin, grace, Christ, etc. without ever stopping to explain what such terms mean or signify. Thielicke points out the problem with this and offers a suggestion on what we can do about it:

“Where is the average person today who, when he hears the word ‘sin,’ really hears what the New Testament meant by that word? For whom today does this word still say that here man is being addressed at the point of his resistance and opposition to God, that this means man in his will to assert his autonomy, his insistence that everything centers in man, his incredible passion for security, his lostness in preoccupation with the moment and that which is tangible and immediately at hand? And yet all this must be heard when we hear the word ‘sin,’ if for no other reason than to understand that it is possible for a sinner to be at the same time an example of moral perfection and that he need by no means be a criminal, an antisocial, or even a person who lacks seriousness. Were not the Pharisees ethically very respectable people? And yet for Jesus they were more drastic examples of sin than publicans and prostitutes.

And the word ‘Christ’ itself? What would really be the result if we were to investigate the exchange value of that term in the psychological substructure of the average man today? What we would come out with would probably be some idea of a fabulously wise man or a perfect human being.

The point is that we need to say what we mean by these terms; we dare not throw them at people as supposedly valid coins whose value is immediately recognized. Otherwise we shall all too thoughtlessly reach out for them with the notion that they are perfectly familiar, whereas the truth is that the metal begins to glow and burn only when we have some idea of what these coins really signify. …

I once experimented with students, having them prepare sermons in which the conventional terms like ‘God,’ ‘sin,’ ‘grace,’ etc. did not appear. The words had to be paraphrased. I think this is a good exercise, even though it has importance only as an interim practice. For we should not discontinue the use of these words in the pulpit; all we need is a withdrawal-cure because of the thoughtless use we make of them. We need to learn to overcome the temptation to string together the old words in different variations, because then souls remain underfed and are lost.”

– Helmut Thielicke (1908-1986), The Trouble with the Church: A Call for Renewal, p. 36-38

Helmut Thielicke (1908–1986): Love is the opposite of fear and anxiety


Helmut Thielicke (1908–1986) was a German preacher during World War II, given the heavy task of shepherding people through their darkest and most traumatic years. Ten of his wartime sermons were collected, translated into English by Geoffrey Bromiley, and published under the title The Silence of God. In one sermon Thielicke addresses the anxiety of the day with these words of reassuring comfort:

“The surprising thing in the biblical message is that it finds in love the opposite of fear and anxiety. There is no terror – one might equally well say anxiety – in love, we are told in 1 John [4:15–19]. The surprising thing is that anxiety is not opposed by fortitude, courage or heroism, as one might expect. These are simply anxiety suppressed, not conquered. The positive force which defeats anxiety is love. What this means can be understood only when we have tackled anxiety in what we have tried to see as its final root. That is to say, anxiety is a broken bond and love is the bond restored. Once we know in Christ that the world has a fatherly basis and that we are loved, we lose our anxiety. This is not because the powers referred to have gone. On Dürer’s picture of the Horseman, Death and the Devil [see below] they lurk on the way. But they have lost their strength. To use a simple comparison – and simplicity is needed in ultimate questions – I need have no fear even in the darkest forest when I hold my father’s hand and I am sure of it.”

Helmut Thielicke (1908–1986), The Silence of God, p. 8–9


– Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528), Knight, Death and the Devil (Ritter, Tod und Teufel)