This is the final part of a 12-post series from Jonathan Edwards’ (1703-1758) sermon on Hebrews 5:12, titled The Importance and Advantage of a Thorough Knowledge of Divine Truth. The first part covered Edwards’ definition of divinity (theology), the second focused on what kind of knowledge is included in divinity, the third considered the usefulness and necessity of knowing divinity, the fourth discussed knowledge in divinity as the chief end of man’s faculty of understanding, the fifth asserted that there is nothing more worthy to be studied than divinity, the sixth declared why divinity is of infinite importance to all people, the seventh argued for the infinite worth of divinity based on God’s great works of revelation, the eighth asserted that God gave us the Bible to be studied, the ninth declared that the subject matter of divinity is inexhaustible, the tenth focused on knowledge of divinity as an essential part of our high calling, and the eleventh discussed God’s appointment of teachers to help us grow in knowledge of divinity. Now we finally turn to his discussion of God’s revealed will for all Christians to excel in the knowledge of divine things:
It is God’s revealed will for all Christians to excel in the knowledge of divine things.
God hath in the Scriptures plainly revealed it to be his will, that all Christians should diligently endeavor to excel in the knowledge of divine things. It is the revealed will of God, that Christians should not only have some knowledge of things of this nature, but that they should be enriched with all knowledge. 1 Corinthians 1:4-05, “I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God that is given you by Jesus Christ; that in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and in all knowledge.” So the Apostle earnestly prayed, that the Christian Philippians might abound more and more, not only in love, but in Christian knowledge. Philippians 1:9, “And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge, and in all judgment.” So the apostle Peter advises to “give all diligence to add to faith virtue, and to virtue knowledge” (2 Peter 1:5). And the apostle Paul, in the next chapter to that wherein is the text, counsels the Christian Hebrews, leaving the first principles of the doctrine of Christ, to go on to perfection. He would by no means have them always to rest only in those fundamental doctrines of repentance, and faith, and the resurrection from the dead, and the eternal judgment, in which they were indoctrinated when they were first baptized, and had the Apostle’s hands laid on them, at their first initiation in Christianity.